6 THE PACIFIC COMMEKCIAL ADVERTISER, APRIL 19, 1884 THE AGRICULTURIST Red Hogs.
The breeder of red hogt have or ganized an association uniting the New Jersey family called Jersey reds and those of New York, known sib Durocs The latter have been mostly bred in Saratoga county, though quite common in Washington and Rensselaer counties.
The name agreed upon is Duroc Jersey, which unites all interests, giving a founda tion broad enough for all concerned.
The following standard adopted is more for the typical hog than a repre sentation of the red hogt as they are now generally bred.
The true Du roc Jersey hog should be long, quite deep bodied, not round, but broad on the back, and holding the width well out to the hips and hams; the head small compared with the body; the cheek broad and full, with consider able breadth between the eyes; bone not fine nor yet coarse, but medium.
The legs should be medium in size and length, but set well under the body and well apart, and not cut up high in the flank or above the knee.
The hams should be broad, full and. well down to the hock.
The neck should be short and thick, the face slightly curved, with nose short, the ear rather large and lapped over the eyes, the tail thick at the beginning and tapering to a point; a growth of hair of medium fineness, usually straight, but in some cases a little wavy, with few, if any, bristles at the top of the shoulders; color red, varying from cherry red or even brownish to light yellowish red, with occasional small flecks on belly and legs.
The darker shades of red, with out the black flecks, is the type most desirable.
When full grown should dress from four hun dred to five hundred pounds; pigs nine months old should dress two hundred and fifty to three hundred pounds.
Heifers from the Best Milkers.
We think all the best dairymen are agreed in regard to the profit of rai sing their own cows to supply addi tions to their herds.
Very few have ever selected a valuable herd wholly by purchase.
It has been said that if total depravity can ever be alleged against a farmer it will be found in his representations on the sale of cows.
We have often enumerated the important points in favor of se lecting the heifer calves from the best milkers, both for quantity and quality.
If the dairyman give no heed to this point he will perpetuate his worthless cows with his good ones, and thus never improve his dairy herd. A large majority of dairymen have cows in their herds that do not pay their keeping, as they do not ap ply a test to the individual cows they continue not only to keep them, but to breed from them.
This is the most suicidal policy.
Although we strong ly recommend dairymen to raise their own cows, we are far from advi sing them to perpetuate their poor cows.
It would be even better policy to give them away to a favorite brotherinlaw.
The heifer calves from only the best cows should be raised and the weeding out should go on still further.
When these heifers come into milk those that do not come up to the proper standard should be discarded. A careful test should always be made of each cow in the herd and of each heifer during her first period of milking.
If the heifer has the appearance of a well formed milker and of having had a good dam it may not be judicious to pass upon her during the first milk ing season, if her quality is below the standard, for the next season may develop her satisfactorily.
JVational Live Slock Journal.
The first essential quality in a brood sow is she must be a good milker.
If she is not this she will never succeed in rearing average litters, and if a sow falls below this she should not be retained as a mother.
An ample flow of milk for the first eight weeks is the best aid the pigs can have, after which there is no objection if the yield falls ofi for the next four and the pigs are weaned by the time they are three months old.
The next most essential quality, in our estimation, is is a gentle and motherly disposi j tion.
The sow should be kind to its young, and not one that will shove and push the pigs about at feeding time otherwise maltreat them.
It is impossible to tell beforehand what disposition a female hog will mani fest, and they can only be taken on trial as it were.
Yet the offspring is apt to be pretty much as its dam, and if the mother is of the right charac ter it is safe to give her young a trial, at least. A sow that is not kind to its young or that destroys its young we would not have, nor do we think it pays to keep such. A third quality which we regard as necessary in a good brood sow is freedom from beach iness.
She must not be addicted to breaking fences, either to get in or out of a field. A hog of this kind will be sure to get into trouble and cause trouble, and will, in all probability, lose more young than she will rear.
Besides, we would not like to have this bad quality transmitted to the progeny, for of all evils in a commun ity breachy stock is one of the worst.
As soon, then, as a brood sow or any other heg, as to that matter mani festes a disposition ... Copyright: Library of Congress Source: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/http:/-chroniclingamerica.loc.gov-lccn/sn82015418/1884-04-19/ Publication:
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER (1884) Notes: Text recreated from OCR scan.