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Search term: american
Answer        : americans appears turning attention processes treatment sugar. right angles thereto.
These preliminary rolls as they rotate split the canes throughout their length and in directions presenting the form of a more or less elongated helix, according to the different speeds at which the iclls rotate, thus preparing the cane in such a manner that considerably less power will, it is said, be necessary for subsequently crashing them in the mill, whilst the ex traction of the juice will be facilitated and the Yield increased.
Another invention, also patented, is that in which the frame of the mills are to be of wrought iron or of iron and steel, instead of cast iron.
In a mill, according to this invention, a cane or trash guide of less than the usual width can be used, hereby reducing the friction resulting f rem the aso of cane through the ap paratus.
The can1, or trash guide is capa ble of adjustment whilst the mill is work ing.
Moreover, the frame, whilst of less vwight than with the ordinary eonstaue tion. is stronger, ind affords special faci lities for erection, Iran port, and maintc I nan1. An important feature ol the improved construction is that it allows of diminishing the distance apart of the two bottom rolls, or, other words, the angle formed by straight lines, uniting the axe; of thee rolls to the axis of the top roll, there, results a corr sponding reduction in the width o: th cane or trash guide, and consequently in the period of time which ; the partly crushed c nie ir trash lias to id. I over a lx surface that onvoses its ad An invexition which reei v d jr ii mil protect i only i; that for cuttint: or r. ing sugar cane by machinery.
According t this inv ntiou, one or mote piirs nf circular disc knives arc employed, which are revolved at high pt ed iu opposite directions by means of toothwheel or other gearing, the whole being mounted oi a carriage, which is arranged to lv pushed or drawn by animal or manual power, or. by steam or other power, ap plied in some cases in a nianntr similar to that of a steamplow. 1 notion or other clutch gear is provided for throwing the discs or saw s out of action when required.
Guard or guard are fitted to throw the cane or other crops off cle r of the ma chine.
The discs or saws may be made in segments, or paits, for the purpose of easily replacing damaged parts. I? rushes or equivalent means are provided for clearing or cleaning the sawteeth while at work.
The tests now in progress in Jamaica w ith the above process show that cylinders j other than leadlined can be adapted to it, i especially with a mollification of the chen icals to be used.
The Americans have, it appears, also been turning their attention to processes for the treatment of sugar canes bv which crushing shall b avoided, and we understand that certain machinery has been undergoing trial at Washington during the last four veari? with this object in view.
One ot their machines for cutting up the canes we re ferred to iu a recent number ; and we learn that several gentlemen from the United States, interested in the process, are now on their way to Loudon and Paris, lloth in their process, and in that of FryEkmanEspeut, it is desirable to have a machine for cutting up tho ennes which shall expose the material as little as possible to the atmosphere, and enable it to be plunged at once into the cylinders filled with the necessary chemicals.
The Cattle Plague in the United States, A meeting of the House Comiaittee ou Agriculture and the members of the com mittee of cattlemon appointed recently at Chicago, was held at the Capitol. A general discussion of contagious diaeaseK among cattle wan indulged in.
The com mittee of cattlemen, in answer to inquiries of representatives, said tho disease ex isted in Delaware, the District of Colum bia, Maryl and, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Connecticut, New York, and possibly other places.
In New York a few counties wen; reported infected.
Hunt, of New Jersey, said if Congress would appro priate, an adequate amount, payable to the order of the authorities of different Stntes, and protect New Jersey for sir months from the importation of diseased cattle, the State in six months would stump out pleuropnr umonia in ils terri tory. t Ir Law, one of the Cattle Com mission of the Treasury Department, said the dis ease was undoubtedly the result of impor tation, lie said that with plenty of money and Federal lew it could be eradicated iu twelve months.
New York City had, at one time, stamped it out in three months.
He advocated the burning of buildings where the disease occurred.
Jndgo Carey, of Wyoming, gave a history of the disease saying it was like the Asiatic cholera, spreading through Europe, Great Uritain, Australia, New Zealand and the United States.
All that saved the West from the disease was that there was no line of trans portation to that section.
Had it been otherwise the western plains would have been infected, and once it existed there iU spread over the entire coutry could not be stopped.
He said 100000, COO wus in vested iu the eattlo business in the Unitec!
Represent M: Hatch said that Single ton, of Illin. had offered 1000 reward for an animal infected with pleuropneumonia, but n

Copyright:   Library of Congress

Notes:         Text recreated from OCR scan.