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Answer        : Spain press consular tonnage duties levied american.

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...ght as a citizen.
The above extract from the Con gregationalist of August 2Sth, em bodies two truths that should be borne in mind by those who would break up intemperance here.
The first is, that the vast influence of the lloraan Catholic Church is being directed avowedly and vigor ously against the evil in question, and that this effort is not confined to the United States alone.
The second truth is, that an appeal should be made by temperance advo cates to th laws, where, as is the case here, they are adequate to miti gate, if not entirely suppress the evil.
The temperance people have their work cut out for them.
Let them go forward on the lines indicated, and they will not only have the hearty support of a majority of the residents of Honolulu, irrespective of national ity or creed, but will meet with well deserved success.
It is unquestionably the aim of leading statesmen of both political parties in the United States to foster the policy of nego tiating commercial treaties with the coun tries Ijing adjacent to it, whether in the northern or southern hemisphere of the American continent; in other words, to form an American Zoilverein, for the mu tual advantage of its members.
The Reci procity Treaty with Hawaii was the opening wedge of this international policy; and th5 Mexican Treaty, which is still pending, but very likely to receive the sanction of Con gress, will form the second link in the in ternational chain.
The extraordinary de velopment of American commerce with Hawaii since the treaty went into operation, when compared with her small population, as shown by recent statistics, is fast educa ting the American people to admit the wis dom fostering commercial reciprocity with their near neighbors.
With no country has American trade during the past few years developed such an increase as it has with Hawaii.
Among the recent announcements tending to confirm the views expressed above, is the statement credited to the London Standard, that the American Government is now engaged in negotiating a treaty of commerce with Spain, which will admit, free of duty, certain products of her West Indian colonies, Cuba and Porto Rico.
By its terms America will admit sugars, mo lasses and raw tobacco free of all duty, and the duty on other articles imported from the West Indies will be reduced.
Spain will place American flour and cereals imported into her colonies upon the same footing as those imported from Spain, and will make a large reduction in tho duties on cattle, salt, fresh fish, and all but a very few American manufactured goods.
Spain will also sup press the consular tonnage duties which are now levied at American ports, and prom ises? further, to reform the customhouse, harbor, and sanitary regulations and fines hi her colonies.
Only the trade which is carried on under the Spanish or American flags will secure the benefits of this treaty.
Here, then, we have tho gradual develop ment of a new policy, which is steadily gaining favor with the masses of the American people, although it may be op posed by those directly interested in the cultivation and manufacture of tobacco and sugar, from which the Government now de rives an annual revenue of over fifty mil lions.
To what extent the price of these staples will be effected by the introduction of the entire product of Cuba and Porto Rico, cannot be predicted, but as their sugar crop alone amounts to over 500000 tons, it must result in some reduction, and consequently some loss to the growers and manufacturer: in the United States.
On the other hand, it will partially relieve the laboring classes from the heavy fifty per cent duties now imposed en imported sugars and tobacco, and make the measure very popular.
The hostility of those interested in the production of these staples may, perhaps, be overcome by concessions, in the form of a bounty paid from the Na tional Treasury to the actual cultivators, for every pund of sugar or tobacco grown in the United States, in the same manner J as Germany and France have for many years encouraged the growth of beet sugar.
Whatever the cost of such bounties may be, it will be small compared with the gain to the country at large; first, in relieving tho laboring people from the heavy tax on sugar now paid by them, and secondly, by largely developing the manufactures and productions of the soil exported to the coun tries open to increased demand under the treaty.
The change of government, which will take place on the fourth of March next, in the United States, troni Republican to Dem ocratic, will probably assist, rather than hinder, the development of this national policy, as free trade has been a traditional doctrine of a portion of the Democratic party; and international reciprocity by treaties of commerce is only free trade under another name and on an abridged scale, se curing a market for domestic products, while it opens a market to certain foreign products.
And we may add, that the Demo cratic party will undoubtedly revive the reciprocity treaty with Canada, which was enacted under a Democratic administration, and gave great satisfaction to both countries.
The Canadian treaty would never have been termin

Copyright:   Library of Congress

Notes:         Text recreated from OCR scan.