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Search term: american
Answer        : Three americans entered upon office.. ...great hope.
An unexpected circumstance furnished them with an opportunity to try to seize upon power again.
Kamehameha V. died suddenly on the 11th of November, 1872, the anni versary of his birth.
He had attained his fortythird year. . Strong and vigorous he seemed, called upon to reign for yet many years, Like his brother, he was carried off in a few hours, his physicians, called in too late, being unable to render him any aid.
With him theTlynasty of the Kamehamehas was extinguished, and the danger which I had vainly, en deavored to guard against was real ized at the moment when I expected it the least.
The King had written to me a few days before his death, and his letter did not betray the slightest apprehension as to his health In the above M.
Varigny refers to the strenuous persuasions he had used with the King to induce him to marry and perpetuate his dynasty.
There follows an account of the Constitu tional provision for electing a suc cessor to the Throne and of the eligible candidates, which we omit. The choice was, therefore, circum scribed to Prince William and David Kalakaua. A majority of the natives supported the former, whom they considered as the representative of their race highest In rank, and nearest in success ioLL Theactive assistance given to Kalakaua by.
Harris in jured his candidature and the un popularity of the former Minister was reflected: back uponhim I The Cabinet met on the morrow of the jdeath of the King, and called the Assembly together for the 8th of January, 1873. The same day Prince William, ably councilled, declared his candidature; and invited the people to proceed on January 1st to a plebiscite.
His proclamation of which thousands of copies were published, promised, in case ef his election, the abrogation of the Constitution of 1864, and the reestablishment of that of 1852, and the restitution of the right to votewithout any restriction. . , This programme assured him of the support and the votes of the mis sionary party ; his high rank and his personal popularity rallied for him the. votes of the. natives ; moreover, the irregular vote for which he had convened the electors, and which the Ministry did not interfere with, gave him such an imposing majority that the Assembly when it met on Jan uary 8th, procJ aimed William Luna lilo King of the Hawaiian Archi pelago by a vote which was only three short of being unanimous The Cabinet tendered to the new Sovereign its resignation, which was accepted, and the Ministers retired, with the exception of Mr.
Stirling, who was retained in the Department of Finance.
Three Americans entered upon office.
Mr. C. R.
Bishop, a rich banker, a member of the House of Nobles, and a cousin, by marriage of the Kings, was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Hall, allied to the American Missionary party, received the portfolio of the Interior, and one of tho sons of Dr.
Judd be came AttorneyGeneral.
The Oppo sition reentered upon power, from which they had been excluded since 1S54, but wholly significative as the choice of the King appeared, it did not half satisfy the partisans of an nexation.
Bishop and Hall, prudent, not to say timid, men, had not the energy necessary to bring to pass so grave a measure.
The King himself hesitated to alienate forever the independence of the Kingdom of which he was the uncontested Chief; thus, when on the receipt of the news from Honolulu, the Government of the United States believed the mo ment come for opening the negotia tions it encountered a hesitation which was a bad augury for the suc cess of its plans. A direct offer to treat for the ces sion of the archipelngo would be cer tain to fail.
The Cabinet ot Wash ington had not committed this fault.
It made propositions to theHawaiian Government to treat on the following basis.
The latter was to concede to it the right of establishing an entre; pot and a naval station at the mouth of Pearl river, distant about ten miles from Honolulu.
The United States were to be free to construct the neces sary buildings and dockyards and to place them in charge of a director.
The lands conceded were to become American National property, ruled by the United States, who were to possess all sovereign rights within their limits, without any interven tion on the part of the local Govern ment.
On the other hand, the Ameri can Government were to concede free admission, subject to no duties, of the products i of the soil and the industry of the Hawaiian Islands into the ter ritory of the Union. These propositions, made public and discussed in a lively manner by the press of the: two countries, re ceived at the Islands the support of the planters and of the Annexation ist party, but they also encountered a warm opposition on the part of the natives, wtio did not deceive them selves as to the consequences of such a cessiout and who perfectly under stood tihat from the day on which the United States should officially set foot on the Islands the absorp tion of the rest of the Kingdom would be only a question of time.
If the major part of the foreigners, moved by personal interest, showed them selves partisans of this measure, there were others w

Copyright:   Library of Congress

Notes:         Text recreated from OCR scan.