Yesteryear Chronicle Search
A look back in time

Search term: american
Answer        : Lands conceded american national property ruled united. ...y, 1873. The same day Prince William, ably councilled, declared his candidature; and invited the people to proceed on January 1st to a plebiscite.
His proclamation of which thousands of copies were published, promised, in case ef his election, the abrogation of the Constitution of 1864, and the reestablishment of that of 1852, and the restitution of the right to votewithout any restriction. . , This programme assured him of the support and the votes of the mis sionary party ; his high rank and his personal popularity rallied for him the. votes of the. natives ; moreover, the irregular vote for which he had convened the electors, and which the Ministry did not interfere with, gave him such an imposing majority that the Assembly when it met on Jan uary 8th, procJ aimed William Luna lilo King of the Hawaiian Archi pelago by a vote which was only three short of being unanimous The Cabinet tendered to the new Sovereign its resignation, which was accepted, and the Ministers retired, with the exception of Mr.
Stirling, who was retained in the Department of Finance.
Three Americans entered upon office.
Mr. C. R.
Bishop, a rich banker, a member of the House of Nobles, and a cousin, by marriage of the Kings, was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Hall, allied to the American Missionary party, received the portfolio of the Interior, and one of tho sons of Dr.
Judd be came AttorneyGeneral.
The Oppo sition reentered upon power, from which they had been excluded since 1S54, but wholly significative as the choice of the King appeared, it did not half satisfy the partisans of an nexation.
Bishop and Hall, prudent, not to say timid, men, had not the energy necessary to bring to pass so grave a measure.
The King himself hesitated to alienate forever the independence of the Kingdom of which he was the uncontested Chief; thus, when on the receipt of the news from Honolulu, the Government of the United States believed the mo ment come for opening the negotia tions it encountered a hesitation which was a bad augury for the suc cess of its plans. A direct offer to treat for the ces sion of the archipelngo would be cer tain to fail.
The Cabinet ot Wash ington had not committed this fault.
It made propositions to theHawaiian Government to treat on the following basis.
The latter was to concede to it the right of establishing an entre; pot and a naval station at the mouth of Pearl river, distant about ten miles from Honolulu.
The United States were to be free to construct the neces sary buildings and dockyards and to place them in charge of a director.
The lands conceded were to become American National property, ruled by the United States, who were to possess all sovereign rights within their limits, without any interven tion on the part of the local Govern ment.
On the other hand, the Ameri can Government were to concede free admission, subject to no duties, of the products i of the soil and the industry of the Hawaiian Islands into the ter ritory of the Union. These propositions, made public and discussed in a lively manner by the press of the: two countries, re ceived at the Islands the support of the planters and of the Annexation ist party, but they also encountered a warm opposition on the part of the natives, wtio did not deceive them selves as to the consequences of such a cessiout and who perfectly under stood tihat from the day on which the United States should officially set foot on the Islands the absorp tion of the rest of the Kingdom would be only a question of time.
If the major part of the foreigners, moved by personal interest, showed them selves partisans of this measure, there were others who rose above selfish considerations, and who, in public meetings and through the press, opposed vigorously the treaty as the deathknell of the race and the yuin of the independence of the coun try. 1 1 : ilIn the first rank, among the latter I notice with pleasure the name of one of my bid friends, member of the Assembly, an Englishman, by birth, but very sympathetic with France, Mrv.
Godfrey Khodes, a , rich mferchaht of Honolulu, a sincere and devoted partizan of the independence of a country which he has inhabited or thirty, years, and who, repays to it today fl874f a debt of gratitude by placing his influence and the authority of his arguments at the ser vice of a cause essentially just and honorable, The question is raised, but not settled.
The Ministry undecided, drift at hazard, desiring and not dar ing, delaying matters, avoiding a clash with irreconcilable opinions, and soon to be called upon to give place to the partizans or the adver saries of the treaty of cession. . I have no need to say that I sym pathize profoundly with the latter, and pray sincerely for their success.
Imminent as the annexation of the Islands to the United Stctes appears, it is not yet accomplished, and it will need to triumph over many repug nances.
It was thought to be certain in 1853; it was taken to be an assured fact in 1863, and again in 1872. Now, in 1874, I still do not believe it will come to pass, and my most sincere regret at having left the Islands is that I cannot fight against it today as I have done in forme

Copyright:   Library of Congress

Notes:         Text recreated from OCR scan.