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Answer        : Resolutions declare government thinks states american citizen. ...ving a head over them, present on the spot, instructed by personal experience in the requirements of the districts in which they dwell, and pay taxes. A measure of this sort, a step in the di rection of local selfgovernment would we feel sure be a popular one and though difficulties might present themselves at the outset, we feel sure that it would in the end be fouLd a successful one.
It is difficult to con ceive any country of the same dimen sions to which such a method of ad mistration is more suited.
Not only i3 our narrow territory divided into several islands, but on all the larger islands intercommunication between district and district i3 infrequent and comparatively slow.
To have to refer every point of importance in the ad ministration of purely local affairs to Honolulu involves at least a weeks delay, and in many cases, when the matter in hand demands deliberation, it requires much more. A District Board as it might he designated would be less dilatory in its decisions, and would on the average be much more likely to be right, when it did decide, than any Minister or Superin tendent of Public Works possibly could be.
This idea needs to be ven tilated and kept before the public mind.
It involves reform in a direc tion which cannot help being popular and which the example of othdr coun tries has demonstrated to be sound.
Though the Louisiana planters are arrayed against us on the question of the Reciprocity Treaty, they are earnestly on our side in regard to the threatened reduction of sugar duties, and have been speaking out on the subject, as witness t lie following tele gram New Orleans, January 1. The convention of sugar planters, to take action relative to threatened legisla tion by Congress on the sugar tariff, assembled today.
ExGovernor Francis T.
Nichols presided.
Among the delegates were many of the wealthiest and most influential plant ers in the State ; also a number of colored planters.
Resolutions were adopted declaring that the sugar in dustry should not be annihilated in order to protect niore favored indus tries, nor to settle political difficulties; that capital and labor here have with each other even more harmonious re lations than exist elsewhere in the United States in any great industry ; that our capital will be destroyed anil our laborers dispersed and degraded and utterly impoverished by further adverse legislation, and tnat the pres ent depression of the sugar industry of Louisiana is in a great measure due to the constant agitation of the sugar tarilland the resulting insecurity of capital invested in sugar production.
The resolutions further declare that if the Government thinks it right and proper to foster and protect the in dustries of iron, wool and cotton man ufactures, the producers of sugar throughout the United States, as American citizen, are entitled to the the same protection and should not be sacrificed for the benefit of the West Indies, Mexico and the Hawai ian Islands, and conclude with a pro j test against any further reduction ot the sugar tariff. A resolution was j also adopted protesting against the j Hawaiian treaty and the proposed Mecican reciprocity treaty; also rej questing their Senators and repre j sentatives in Congress to protect the siigarproducirg interests.
THINGS IN GENERAL. I was listening the other dav to a knot of people who were discussing things in general the things them selves, not mv comments on them.
Tn the coure of the discursive talk some one happened on the subject of Chi nese immigrants and their detention in quarantine on arrival here.
Some one present wanted to know why this was insisted upon with them and not in the case of Portuguese or South Sea Islanders.
The pros and cons of the matter were discussed and the general verdict was that it was all a fhani to make the Coast people believe that we did not want Chinamen here, whilst all the time we are yearning to have two or three thousand of them to spread broadcast over our plantations a sort of human fertiliser.
The day after that on which I had listened to the above astute conclusion, I met our Port Physician and thought I would feel his pulse on this subject. I wanted to know what he did with his Chinese when he got them safely on the reef and why he sent them there and why they did not go to Ka kaako like the Portuguese, etc, just the questions I had heard discussed the day before.
From him I learnt that these hordes of Mongolians as it is the humor of the day to call them, albeit they have no Mongolian blood in their veins unless it has been ac quired surreptitiously coming from cities notorious tr the constant pres ence of smallpox, are suspected of being capable of introducing Ihe con tagium of that disease into the coun try.
They are only quarantined for so long a time as is necessary to ex amine them for symptoms of that, or any other infectious disease, and to fumigate all their belongings and to give their persons and clothing that good airing which they need so much after a couple of months aboard steam ers and hulks on the way herecrowd ed up as they so love to be. I wanted to know if it were not true that a fort night, or at most, three weeks, would suffice to show

Copyright:   Library of Congress

Notes:         Text recreated from OCR scan.