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Search term: american
Answer        : Transocoanic country commerce carried american bottoms trade.

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...r, nor the six or seven assorted car goes which re sent annually from Boston and New York, id of no benefit to California and to the United States Can it be J1 tht there are no benefits to this country when Aintvicans alone have over 15, 000000 intf rvstod in Hawaii, of which over 3, 000000 is in steam and sailing vessels, in docks, wharves and warehouses r Is the prosperity of Hawaii a matter of indifference to Americans, when California alone has over 3000000 of loans out in the shape of advances on crops f Can it be said that there are no corresponding benefits when the freights earned by American ves sels in bringing 3000000 of sugar, and the com missions of the consignees in San Francisco, with the other incidental expenses, reach to 16 per cent of the gross amount, or 1280000 a year : Can it be said that this trade is cf little worth when American vessels and American commission agents are making twenty per cent, or 600000 over and above the 3000000 which is the invoice price of the goods we export when they leave the uands of the manufacturer or producer? . ; . Can it be said that a trade is of little worth that employs twerf y American sailing vessel, mostly built for the purrse of this commerce?
That brought into existifa5 ce in Philadelphia shipyards the two finest and fastest vessels ever built in the United States, or the equal in speed and equip ment of any Britishbuilt Atlantic steamer? : Is a trade of no benefit which has led to the building in our thipyartis of a whole flotilla of sailing vessels and half a dozen steamers for the interisland trade, besides another fine t earner for the taine purpose built in Philadelphia?
Is the commerce worth nothing in which we have alaost exclusive control, a control which has no parallel in this country, a commercial inter course which delivers into our vessels the entire crop of the Islands, and after deducting freights, commissions, insurance on cargo and plantation, our profits and interest on capital and disburse ments on accrpnt of their purchases in Atlantic and EnroDeairtlties. we pay the entire balance, except about 100000 a year in merchandise, on whicha profit has been made by every hand through which it has passed, and that 100000 coin which they diaw from us is all return id, and even more, bv Hawaiian who travel throughout the United States for pleasure and the education of their youth?
Relatively to population, there is no foreign country with which the United States carries on so large a commerce, for the Islanders consume 47 per capita of our products, while Great Britain and Ireland only consume 11 23. There is hardly a transocoanic country with which one half of our commerce is carried on in American bottoms, but of our trade with Hawaii 95 per cent, is carried on in American bottoms, and the only exceptions are run and manned by Americans.
In answering the first objection, that the United States or California receive little or no benefit from the treaty, we have in part answered the fourth, that the United States are making a useless sacrifice of upwards of 3000000 a year of sugar duties.
If the sacrifice was so great, the benefits the people of California, and through them the whol3 United States, receive from this remarkable trade, were much less than we have shown ttom io be, the sacrifice wonld not be useless, for the geographical position of the island is such that the United States cannot lettha influence of any of the great European Pc veers become paramount in the islands without surrendering all hope cf main taining tluJ: supremacy in the Pacific whijj is her due, and eniangering the peace of her owii coast ; but these strategic arguments we will leave to the Naval and Diplomat j Departments of the Govern ment to advise r ts uon.
Had there not beon a treaty, there would not. have been 3000000, or even 1000000, of duties collected on Hawaiian sugars, for the reason that the sugr industry would not have been devel oped. , i Without tbv treaty a few favored plantations getting out of their surplus labor what help they needed at starvation wages might have survived, even with snail returns they would have received, from San Francisco for their sugars after paying duty as well as freight and commissions.
Their condition would have been niuch the same as that of Cuba planters.
They could not have purchased of us because they would not have had cash and we should not have given them credit; they could not have borrowed of our capitalists for the secur ity would have been destroyed on which previous loans were made.
But for the treaty the Islands would be a half desolate country, occupitd by a bankrupt people, instead of being a fertile sugar farm, tilled by good friends to our country mainly American citizens.
Another reason why no such sum as even 3, 000000 could ever have been collected in duties, had there been no treaty, is because had there been duty to pay instead of the average of sugars received from the Islands being above No. 10, Dutch Standard, in color, the average would be as the average of raws received by the United States for refining purposes, and have been below No. 10, Dutch Standard, and, therefore, have com in at the lower duty.
The opponents

Copyright:   Library of Congress

Notes:         Text recreated from OCR scan.